Cook by the Book: Soup’s On!

Vegetables and cheese“To feel safe and warm on a cold, wet night, all you really need is soup.”
Laurie Colwin

Soup: the ultimate comfort food. It warms you up on a cold winter night and even has the power to fight the common cold. You can make it as simple or as complex as you like and it’s very adaptable. You can also throw it in the slow cooker or let it simmer on the stove all afternoon, while you attend to more important things – like that book you just picked up from the library.

Some very creative people have come up with great ways to share their love of soup – from Soup Sisters and Broth Brothers, providing care and comfort with hot bowls of soup to women and children in shelters, to “Soup Nights” popping up in neighborhoods across the country. Soup Night is all about building community, through soup. Once a month, one house on the street hosts a soup night, making large quantities of soup. The neighbors provide the salad, bread and dessert and also their own bowls and spoons. It’s a wonderful way to get to know your neighbours and helps people feel less isolated: “Soup night has become a way for people to come together when it’s cold outside, and it’s created a community on this block in ways that no one could have anticipated.” (Jessie Mindlin, Portland).

There’s also the Soup Peddler, David Ansel, from Austin, Texas, who started delivering soup on his bicycle and became so popular that he had to hire a whole fleet of bicycle peddlers to keep up with demand.

One of our own Cookbook Club members has been working on soup recipes for two years, with her sister. They want to create a compilation of 52 soups – a different soup to try each week for a year. Here is Tanise’s favourite French Onion soup recipe:

FRENCH ONION SOUP – makes 6 servings

1/4 cup butter
1 tbsp. olive oil
4 ½ lbs. onions, peeled and sliced
1 tsp. chopped fresh thyme
1 tsp. sugar
6 ¼ cups beef stock
1 ½ tbsp. all purpose flour
2/3 cup sherry
Salt & Pepper
Gruyere cheese, shredded
Day old bread slices or sliced baguette (optional)


  1. Melt butter with oil in a large pot. Add onions and stir to coat them.  Cook over medium heat until onions begin to soften (20 or more minutes depending on the size of the pot).
  2. Stir in thyme. Reduce heat to low, cover the pan and cook the onions for about 30 minutes, stirring frequently, until the onions are very soft and golden yellow.
  3. Uncover pot, increase the heat slightly and stir in the sugar. Cook until the onions start to brown (15 to 20 minutes).
  4. Increase heat slightly, stirring frequently, until onions turn a deep, golden brown (30 minutes).
  5. Bring stock to boil in another pot. Stir the flour into the onions and cook for 2 minutes. Add the hot stock and sherry. Season soup. Simmer for 10 to 15 minutes.
  6. For those who like the bread slice in their soup, put a piece of day old bread or baguette slice into the individual onion soup bowl. Cover with the soup and top with shredded gruyere cheese. Put under broil and broil until cheese is bubbling and melted.

Additional Comments:

  • This soup yields a thick soup. Those preferring more broth in their onion soup are advised to use 7 cups of broth.
  • A large soup or stockpot is needed for this recipe.  Vegetarians can replace the beef stock with a hearty vegetable stock that has a deep flavour (attained through somewhat caramelizing the vegetables before adding the water).

If you’re interested in the history of soup, check out An Exaltation of Soups by Patricia Solley. It has soup recipes for just about every occasion you can think of – from celebrating marriage to honoring the dead, and is also full of interesting stories, poetry and quotes.

Here’s the rest of the cookbooks that Cook by the Book tried for Soup’s On night, with our photos of the finished product. Mmmmm!

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And the links:


Westwood’s NFB Film Club: Upcoming Screenings

Beginning November 27, Westwood library will be hosting an NFB Film Club, featuring free films from the NFB’s vast collection. Watching a documentary in Westwood library’s cozy basement is a great way to spend a cold Thursday night – and don’t forget to stay for a short, spirited discussion of the film after the screening!
Below are descriptions of the films and their respective screening times. Call 204-986-4742 to register.

Shameless Propaganda

Shameless_Propaganda_LGThursday, November 27 at 6 p.m.
This feature documentary examines its own genre, which has often been called Canada’s national art form. Released in the year of the NFB’s 75th birthday, Shameless Propaganda is filmmaker Robert Lower’s take on the boldest and most compelling propaganda effort in our history (1939-1945), in which founding NFB Commissioner John Grierson saw the documentary as a “hammer to shape society.” All 500 of the films produced by the NFB until 1945 are distilled here for the essence of their message to Canadians. Using only these films and still photos from that era, Lower recreates the picture of Canada they gave us and looks in it for the Canada we know today. What he finds is by turns enlightening, entertaining, and unexpectedly disturbing.
Documentary/71 minutes. Rated G

Out of Mind, Out of Sight

Out_Of_Mind_2Thursday, December 4 at 6 p.m.
This feature documentary profiles four residents of the Brockville Mental Health Centre, a forensic psychiatric hospital for people who have committed violent crimes. Four patients—two men and two women—struggle to gain control over their lives so they can return to a society that often fears and demonizes them. Shrouded in stigma, institutions like this one are places into which patients disappear from public view for years. Four-time Emmy winner John Kastner was granted unprecedented access to the Brockville facility for 18 months, allowing 46 patients and 75 staff to share their experiences with stunning frankness. Documentary/88 min. Rated PG.

Forbidden Love

Forbidden_Love_LGThursday, December 11 at 6 p.m.
This feature documentary delves into the rich history of Canadian queer women’s experiences in the mid-20th century. Compelling, often hilarious and always rebellious, the women interviewed in this film recount stories about their search for the places where openly gay women gathered in urban centres. Contemporary interviews, archival footage, and a stylized fictional narrative based on the pulp novels of the 1950s are woven throughout this simultaneously funny, heartbreaking, and empowering film. Forbidden Love brings an important and empowering history of lesbian sexuality in Canada out of the closet. Documentary/84 minutes. Rated PA. (This film contains scenes of nudity and/or sexuality. Viewer discretion is advised.)


The Write Stuff

You may have noticed a trend on Readers Salon – we like to talk about books. A lot. You wouldn’t expect anything less from a library, of course. With over 1.2 million items in our collection (including DVDs, CDs, musical scores, and on and on …), we could spend forever recommending new titles to our patrons.

But this isn’t a post about reading books. This is a post about writing them.

Cover image of Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Sure, it’s a literary classic, but how many Express Bestsellers does he have right now?

The shelves of the library would be pretty empty without the fruits of many authors’ labours, so we do our best to support them. We know that many of you out there are aspiring authors yourselves, and this month we’re inviting you to take advantage of all the great resources the library has to help you on your way to becoming the next James Patterson or Fyodor Dostoyevsky (depending on what your end goal is).


If you want to write a novel, there’s a good chance that you already know that November is National Novel Writing Month. Launched 15 years ago, National Novel Writing Month (NaNoWriMo) is a month long project in which participants all around the world each attempt to write a 50,000 word novel between November 1 and November 30. It’s an utterly mad way to spend a month, and most participants will tell you they’ve never been more frustrated or had more fun.

For those of you who have already started (or are crazy enough to jump in halfway to the deadline), the library has a plethora of resources for you. First and foremost, we invite you to Come Write In! Every Thursday in November, Millennium Library hosts an official NaNoWriMo Come Write In event from 7:00-8:30pm. Participants are welcome to hang out and write furiously in a focused environment with their fellow WriMos. And when it’s all over, you can celebrate together at the Thank God It’s Over! Party on December 6. For more details, check out the @The Library newsletter or call 204-986-6779. You can also visit the Winnipeg forums at

Cover image of No Plot? No Problem! by NaNoWriMo founder Chris Baty

No Plot? No Problem! by NaNoWriMo founder Chris Baty

If you’re looking for help on your NaNo novel, want to attempt something on your own, or are already planning for next year, we’ve also got good old fashioned books all about writing books, including the official NaNoWriMo book, No Plot? No Problem!, which you can find on library shelves or as an ebook! Although, given its popularity, it may be tricky to actually find it sitting on a shelf for very long … good thing we have plenty more to offer!

If you’re just getting started, try Story Starters: How to Jump-Start Your Imagination, Get Your Creative Juices Flowing, and Start Writing Your Story or Novel. For start-to-finish guidance, pick up How to Write a Novel or the highly reassuring You Can Write a Novel. We have advice for the self-deprecating and the self-assured, not to mention multiple genre specific guides for sci-fi/fantasy, romance, mystery, and even graphic novels.

Whew! That seems like a lot to do in just 30 days, and we haven’t even covered characters, setting, or dialogue. You may want to consider stretching it out to 90 days. Or maybe 6 months. Heck, take a whole year.

But wait, there’s more! Books are great for advice, writing exercises, and all kinds of tips and tricks. Tragically, though, no book has yet been written that can read your manuscript and tell you how it’s coming along. For that kind of personalized advice, you’re better off visiting the library’s …

Photo of Writer-in-Residence Di Brandt

Di Brandt


On October 1, the talented Di Brandt became Winnipeg Public Library’s 25th Writer-in-Residence. For the low, low price of FREE, you can send Di a copy of your manuscript (novel, short story, or poetry) and she will read it and offer you feedback on your writing. Di’s self-professed goal is to figure out what you’re trying to say and help you find the best way to say it.

For submission guidelines and more details, visit Submissions can be dropped off at any library branch, emailed to, or snail mailed to:

Reader Services
251 Donald Street
Winnipeg, MB R3C 3P5

Whether you take 30 days or 30 years, a finished novel is an accomplishment of great personal satisfaction. Which is totally awesome … for a while. Then you probably start asking yourself, “Now what?” The Library has an answer for that, too. You need to …

Start Your Writing Career!

Photo of freelance writer Kelly-Anne Riess

Freelance writer Kelly-Anne Riess

On Saturday, November 29, WPL is teaming up with the Professional Writers’ Association of Canada to offer three FREE workshops all about helping you become a professional writer. At 10:30am, Kelly-Anne Riess shares tips and tricks on being a successful freelance writer. As someone whose work has appeared in a range of newspapers and magazines, including the Globe and Mail and Canadian Geographic, she really knows her stuff.

Following at 1:00, Malene Jorgensen, who runs One Door Press, will talk about self-publishing – and profiting from it! Did you know that self-publishing in Canada is a really straightforward process? Malene will tell you all about it. Now you don’t have any excuses.

Photo of YA author Arthur Slade

YA author Arthur Slade

Wrapping up the day at 2:30 is the big one: authors Arthur Slade and Doreen Pendgracs talk about how they used crowdfunding to publish their most recent works, and offer advice on how you can do the same. Think about it: if people say upfront they want to pay real money for your book, you can publish it yourself and deliver the story directly to your readers without any middle man (or woman). Everybody wins!

For more details, check out the poster or call 204-986-6779.

So don’t wait. Get writing. Get learning. And get your book on the shelves of the library.


What do you think? Did you participate in NaNo this year, or apply for WPL’s Novel Writing Club? Are there writing events you’d like us to offer in the future? Let us know in the comments!

Happy Birthday, Mickey!


The Art of Walt Disney: from Mickey Mouse to the Magic Kingdoms and beyond, by Christopher Finch


In case you didn’t know, today marks the birthday of one of the 20th century’s most well-known cultural icons.  On November 18th, 1928, the silver screen lit up with the first ever appearance of Mickey Mouse.  The cartoon was of course Steamboat Willie, which can be viewed for free on YouTube.

Happy 86th Birthday, Mickey!

As a cartoon Mickey Mouse is most often associated with children.  However, many adults who grew up with the mouse have an interest in Mickey, either because of nostalgia, a fascination of how his father, Walt Disney, created a media empire, or how that empire effects our culture today.  So, I thought that in today’s blog post we could celebrate Mickey Mouse by exploring the places he lives in the Winnipeg Public Library collections from a more “grown-up” perspective.


uvm_00050087285104_thumbnailIf you now have “Turkey in the Straw” stuck in your head after watching Steamboat Willie, head over to WPL’s new streaming and downloading service, Hoopla Digital.  There you will find A Musical Tour:  Treasures of the Walt Disney Archives, an album that highlights many of the great musical tracks from Disney films, including the aforementioned ditty.

If you are more interested in where the inspiration for Steamboat Willie came from, check out Steamboat Bill Jr. from our DVD collection.  It’s a silent comedy featuring Buster Keaton that was the inspiration for the Mickey Mouse film.  Keaton was a contemporary of Charlie Chaplin, and though Keaton is less well known today, the two were competing stars in the era of silent film.



To see how Mickey Mouse has influenced the art of Disney animation, as well as to see how Mickey himself has evolved over the years I recommend  The Art of Walt Disney: from Mickey Mouse to the Magic Kingdoms and beyond.  And if you want to learn more about the man behind the mouse, check out Walt Disney: the Triumph of the American Imagination by Neal Gabler, which provides a comprehensive overview of the life of Walt Disney.

Those who have more of a general interest in cartoonists might want to take a look at Masterful Marks: Cartoonists Who Changed the World.  This book is done in the style of a graphic novel and provides sixteen biographies of influential cartoonists including Walt Disney, Dr. Seuss, and Edward Gorey.



Given the size of the Walt Disney Company and its long history, it should come as no surprise that Disney has faced its share of criticism.  In the United States the 1998 Copy Right Term Extension Act (CRTEA) was mockingly labeled as the Mickey Mouse Protection Act because it significantly lengthened the time it would take for copyrighted works such as ‘Mickey Mouse’ to enter the public domain.  A great book that looks at some of the problems associated with current copyright law and discusses possible solutions is William Patry’s How to Fix Copyright.

Meet the Mouse

Lastly, if you would like to meet the mouse, be sure to check out the many travel guides for Walt Disney World in our collection, including:  Birnbaum’s Walt Disney World without Kids.


November Literary Birthdays

“A reader lives a thousand lives before he dies… The man who never reads lives only one.”  – George R.R. Martin

The first flakes have hit the ground and are (gulp) staying. The sun and its radiating heat has dipped and we head inside, more or less. Perchance to read. But what? November has been the source of many good writers, and many good reads. Predictably an eclectic bunch, here are just a few names to consider as you head to your personal library down the hall, or the public library down the street:

Brap.txtm Stoker born November 8 in 1847:
Born in Ireland, Stoker, after becoming the business manager of a London theatre, started writing fantastic stories, one of which became the horror “invasion lit” classic Dracula, the vampiric story emanating out of a weird Transylvanian castle. Attributed to Stoker: “How blessed are some people, whose lives have no fears, no dreads; to whom sleep is a blessing that comes nightly, and brings nothing but sweet dreams.”

index.aspxNeil Gaiman born November 10 in 1960:
The prolific British writer lives close by in Minnesota. His genres include comics, graphic novels, science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels. Titles include American Gods, Coraline, Stardust, The Sandman and his 2013 offering The Ocean at the End of the Lane. He has said: “Picking five favourite books is like picking the five body parts you’d most like not to use.” He’s got a point.

index-3.aspxFyodor Dostoyevsky born November 11 in 1821: The great Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist and journalist explored the human condition in troubled 19th century Russia. His notable works included Crime and Punishment, The Idiot, Notes from Underground and The Brothers Karamazov. He once said: “The cleverest of all, in my opinion, is the man who calls himself a fool at least once a month.” Did you know that his use of multiple voices became an important milestone in the development of the novel?

index.aspxRobert Louis Stevenson born November 13 in 1950: The great Scottish writer, poet, and playwright got the idea for Treasure Island while colouring an imaginary map with his step-son during a rainy summer holiday. Even more imaginative was his perceptive psychological exploration of our shadow side in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.

index-2.aspxPortuguese playwright, novelist and short story writer, not to mention Nobel Prize winner, José Saramago was born November 16 in 1922: His writings include the psychological fiction title Blindness, later turned into a wonderful movie of the same name. He once said: “A human being is a being who is constantly ‘under construction,’ but also, in a parallel fashion, always in a state of constant destruction.” I like the complexity of that.

{7B7053BB-B675-4E6C-A25C-84843445CF23}Img200Margaret Atwood born November 18 in 1939:
She of course has written more than a few notable works of fiction, including her recent MaddAddam novel, which concludes the dystopian trilogy which began with Oryx and Crake and then The Year of the Flood. A revealing Atwood quote I like: “Every utopia – let’s just stick with the literary ones – faces the same problem: What do you do with the people who don’t fit in?”

p-2.txtGeorge Eliot (aka Mary Anne Evans) born November 22 in 1819: The English novelist adopted her pseudonym when she published an early short story.  Her novels include Middlemarch, Silas Marner and The Mill on the Floss. An Eliot quote to remember when times are tough: “Failure after long perseverance is much grander than never to have a striving good enough to be called a failure.”

UnknownArundhati Roy born November 24 in 1961:
She wrote about how small things in life affect people’s behaviour in this story about twins: The God of Small Things. She said in another work: “To love. To be loved. To never forget your own insignificance. To never get used to the unspeakable violence and the vulgar disparity of life around you. To seek joy in the saddest places. To pursue beauty to its lair. To never simplify what is complicated or complicate what is simple. To respect strength, never power. Above all, to watch. To try and understand. To never look away. And never, never to forget.”


C.S. Lewis born November 29 in 1898:
The Christian apologist is probably best known for his imaginative fiction, The Space Trilogy and The Chronicles of Narnia. Who can forget Aslan the Lion: “Aslan is a lion – the Lion, the great Lion.” “Ooh” said Susan. “I’d thought he was a man. Is he-quite safe? I shall feel rather nervous about meeting a lion”…”Safe?” said Mr. Beaver…”Who said anything about safe? ‘Course he isn’t safe. But he’s good. He’s the King, I tell you.”

index.aspxMark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens) born November 30 in 1835: Twain wrote The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer and many short stories. Unfortunately he was not a fan of my favourite pastime. His infamous remark: “Golf is a a good walk spoiled.” I take offence!


Other November literary birthdays include Albert Camus, Margaret Mitchell, Isaac Singer, Carl Sagan, Andre Gide, Lucy Maud Montgomery and Kurt Vonnegut.

- Lyle

Short days ago: Remembering Remembrance Day

“In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row…”

from In Flanders Fields by John McCrae


How many of us had to memorize this poem in elementary school without understanding all the words? Or how may of us listened to a student or a teacher read this poem or other war poems like it in an assembly and then sat and fidgeted our way through the Last Post, the moment of silence and Reveille without really knowing what we were supposed to be remembering?

As adults, how many of us stop for a moment on this day and think about why we should wear poppies and reflect on their significance?

Today, all public libraries in Winnipeg are closed for Remembrance Day, a public holiday that originally marked the end of hostilities in the Great War “on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month”  in 1918 with the signing of the Armistice.

Since that time, Remembrance Day has also become a time to remember the great sacrifices made by our men and women in the armed forces who served in World War II, Korea and more recently in Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq. Since 1956 and our role in averting the Suez Crisis, Canadians have been a valuable presence around the world in United Nations peacekeeping missions and UN sanctioned military operations through NATO. Some of the places where Canadians have served include Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Croatia, Kosovo, and Haiti.

This year, Remembrance Day may take on additional meaning to some,  not only because it is the 100th anniversary of the beginning of the Great War (or World War I as it is now commonly known), but also because of last month’s senseless murder of Cpl. Nathan Cirillo, who was part of an honour guard stationed at our National War Memorial in Ottawa. We, as a nation, are still trying to come to terms with that recent tragedy at one of our country’s most sacred symbols.

At the Millennium Library, a new display titled “Winnipeg’s Great War” is now available for public viewing until January, 2015. Spread out over eight display cases, the display features many artifacts including uniforms, photos, miniatures, 3D maps, dioramas, and medals. The Royal Winnipeg Rifles, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Royal Air Force, the Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders and support services like the Royal Canadian Ordinance Corps, the Royal Canadian Army Service Corps and the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps are all featured. Next time you are downtown, pop into the library and have a look. You can get a pamphlet at the Readers Services desk on the main floor that goes into much more detail about the items on display.

Special credit goes to Hugh O’Donnell,  Louis-Philippe Bujold and Colette Dufault for putting this display together.

These figures were hand painted by Byron Mudry. They represent the 16th Battalion of the Argyll Highlanders, the same regiment as Cpl. Nathan Cirillo. Photo credit: Colette Dufault

Hand painted by Byron Mudry. These figures represent the 16th Battalion of the Argyll Highlanders, the same regiment as Cpl. Nathan Cirillo. Photo credit: Colette Dufault

If you’re looking for some reading material on the Great War, we can recommend the following titles.

Winnipeg’s Great War: A city comes of age – Jim Blanchard

winnipeg's great war

Using diaries, letters and newspaper reports, Mr. Blanchard paints a vivid picture of what our city went through as the Great War raged in Europe. Focussing on the home front, the war had an unavoidable effect on the private lives of the families left behind as well as the business, political and social climate of the city.


The War that Ended Peace: the road to 1914 – Margaret MacMillan

war that ended peace[1]

With 2001’s “Paris 1919: Six months that changed the world“, University of Toronto history professor Margaret MacMillan examined the aftermath of WWI and how the Paris Peace Conference laid the groundwork for the conflicts that led to WWII. In her newer book, Ms. MacMillan goes back to almost a hundred years before the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and explores the political and social trends that led to the “War to end all Wars”.

Valour Road – John Nadler


John Nadler tells the story of three soldiers, Leo Clarke, Frederick William Hall, and Robert Shankland, who all grew up on the same block of Pine Street in Winnipeg’s West End. Incredibly, the three of them went off to fight in the Great War and all three received the Victoria Cross medal, the highest medal given for bravery at that time. Something like this was unique in the entire former British Empire. Pine street was renamed Valour Road in these soldiers’ honour and a memorial now stands at the corner of Valour Road and Sargent.

Lest We Forget

Lest We Forget



All the News That’s Fit to Print

“So where are strong
And who are the trusted?
And where is the harmony?
Sweet harmony…”

Peace, Love, and Understanding

“(What’s So Funny ‘Bout) Peace, Love, and Understanding”, written and produced by Nick Lowe, performed by Elvis Costello and the Attractions, Armed Forces (US version, Columbia Records, 1979)

The News: A User's Manual

Philosopher and social critic Alain de Botton has written a provocative book called ‘The News: a user’s manual’. Through chapters dealing with local politics and world news, business news and consumer affairs,  celebrity, and disaster news he attempts to illustrate how the media fails to provide context and meaning to the stories they present. de Botton does not quarrel with the factual accuracy of media coverage but criticizes the lack of the unifying narrative, a missing the forest from the trees type of complaint. The most powerful critique of de Botton comes precisely from the industry itself fairly citing the he refuses to define what the news is, and that de Botton’s view is naïve or at least overly simplistic.

The history of news and newspapers has a long and stories tradition. Andrew Pettegree’s, ‘The Invention of News’ provides an excellent overview of the origins of newspapers in Europe and North America. de Botton’s point seems to be that the media has occupied a new position of authority that previously was controlled by religion or government. In the past centuries religious institutions and government demanded and expected obedience based on its claim to authority. The newspaper tradition challenged this power with demands of fact checking, investigative reporting, editorial opinion and advocacy. Are those traditions being upheld (or could they be upheld) in a new digital environment of potential citizen journalists and where free content is not only provided but actually expected regardless of the format or electronic platform.

Just as it is often stated on democracy, are we getting the newspaper/media coverage we deserve. If we are willing to pay or subsidize editorial and journalistic quality, what will be the price, free or not?

Page One

‘Page One: inside the New York Times and the future of journalism.’ Edited by David Folkenflik.

 The news media is in the middle of a revolution. Old certainties have been shoved aside by new entities such as WikiLeaks and Gawker, Politico and the Huffington Post. But where, in all this digital innovation, is the future of great journalism? 

The Death and Life of American Journalism

‘Death and Life of American Journalism’ by Robet McChesney and John Nichols.

Daily newspapers are closing across America. Washington bureaus are shuttering; whole areas of the federal government are now operating with no press coverage. Journalism, the counterbalance to corporate and political power, the lifeblood of American democracy, is not just threatened.

‘Deadlines and Disruption’ by Stephen Shepard.

 “This is two compelling books in one: Shepard’s story of his life in print journalism, and a clearheaded look at the way journalism is evolving due to electronic media, social networking, and the ability of anyone with a computer and an opinion to make him- or herself heard.” –Booklist


‘Newsonomics: twelve new trends that will shape the news you get’, Ken Doctor

The New News Reports of the death of the news media are highly premature, though you wouldn’t know it from the media’s own headlines. Ken Doctor goes far beyond those headlines, taking an authoritative look at the fast-emerging future.

‘Blur: how to know what’s true in the age of information overload’, by Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel.

Amid the hand-wringing over the death of “true journalism” in the Internet Age–the din of bloggers, the echo chamber of Twitter, the predominance of Wikipedia–veteran journalists and media critics Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel have written a pragmatic, serious-minded guide to navigating the twenty-first century media terrain.


‘The News and Public Opinion: media effects on civic life’, edited by Mac McCombs

The daily news plays a major role in the continuously changing mix of thoughts, feelings and behavior that defines public opinion. This book details these effects of the news media on the sequence of outcomes that collectively shape public opinion.

-Phil D.